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INDEX

defeated by Cyrus, 152-153 5 Croesus of
Lydia, 153-155; Perso-Lydian cam-
paign, 155-156 ; capture of Sardes, 156;
Hellas, 157 ; Aryan invasion of Greece,
1585 Greek colonies in Asia Minor,
158-159 ; Persian conquest of, 159*160;
campaigns of Cyrus, 160 et seq.; sur-
render of Babylon, 160-1625 death of
Cyrus, 163-164; Cambyses, 166 et seq.$
Egyptian campaign, 167-168; Gau-
mata, 169-170 ; Darius, 170 et seq. ;
the eight rebellions, 170-172; the
satrapies under Darius, 172-175 ;
Scythian campaign, 175-179; Indian
campaign, 179-180 ; customs, language,
and architecture of the ancient Persians,
181-197 ; reign of Darius, 198 etseq.-y
Hellas and Asia Minor, 199 ; Ionic
revolt, 200 ; battle of Lade and fall of
Miletus, 201-202; campaign of Mar-
donius, 202-203 ; battle of Marathon,
203-206 ; death of Darius, 206-207;
Xerxes, 208 et seq. ; revolt of Babylon,
209 ; the Great Expedition, 209 et seq.^
Thermopylae, 213-214; Artemisium,
214-215 ; capture of Athens, 215-216 ;
battle of Salamis, 216-2185 retreat of
Xerxes, 218-219 ; Mardonius, 219-221;
battle of Plataea, 221-223 ; battle of
Mycale, 223 ; capture of Sestos, 223 ;
assassination of Xerxes, 227 ; Arta-
xerxes, i. 227 et seq. ; Hystaspes rebels,
228 ; revolt of Egypt, 228-230 ; Peace
of Callias, 230 ; rebellion of Megabyzus,
231-232; Darius Nothus, 232-233;
Tissaphernes, 233 ; Terituchmes, 233-
234; Cyrus the Younger, 235 et seq.;
Artaxerxes Mnemon, 236; march of
Cyrus on Babylon, 236-238 ; battle of
Cunaxa, 238-240 ; retreat of the Ten
Thousand, 240-242; Egyptian cam-
paigns, 243-245 ; latter days of Arta-
xerxes Mnemon, 246-247 5 Artaxerxes
III., 247 ; capture of Sidon, 247-249 ;
Darius Codomannus, 249-250 ; rise of
Macedonia under Philip and Alexander,
251 et seq.$ Philip of Macedon, 253-
254 ; battle of Chaeronea, 254-255 ;
Alexander the Great, 257 et seq.; the
Great Expedition, 261 et seq.; battle of
the Granicus, 264-265; surrender of
Sardes, 265 ; battle of Issus, 267-270;
siege of Tyre, 270-271; invasion of
Egypt, 271-272 ; battle of Arbela, 273-
277; Persepolis and Pasagardae occupied,
277-279 ; capture of Ecbatana, 279-280;
death of Darius, 280-282; conquest of
Hyrcania, Parthia, and Areia, 283-235 ;
Sistan annexed, 285-286; capture of
Bessus, 287 ; capture of the Soghdjad
Rock, 288-289; battle with Poms,
290-293 j Alexander's voyage to the

Indian Ocean, 295 et seq.; march from
the Indus to Susa, 296-298 ; death and
character of Alexander, 300-304 ; Per-
diccas, 305-307; rise of Seleucus, 307-
308; Antigonus, 308-310; battle of
Gaza, 310 ; campaigns of Seleucus, 310-
312 ; battle of Ipsus, 312-313 ; career
of Demetrius Poliorcetes, 313-315 ; de-
feat of Lysimachus, 315-316 ; accession
of Antiochus Soter, 317-318 ; Antiochus
Theus, 320; invasion of Syria, 321-322;
battle of Aicyra, 322-323 ; Attalus of
Pergamus, 323-324 ; Iran under Mace-
donian rule, 324-327; rise of Parthia,
328 et seq.; Arsacid Dynasty, 330-331 ;
Arsaces I., 331-332 ; Arsaces II., 333 ;
Antiochus the Great, 334 et seq. ; first
Macedonian War, 338-340; second
Macedonian "War, 340-341 \ battle of
Magnesia, 343-346 ; house of Seleucus,
349-350 ; battle of Pydna, 350 ; Antio-
chus Epiphanes, 351-352; Demetrius
the Saviour, 352-353 ; Mithradates I.,
of Parthia, 353-354 ; Antiochus Sidetes,
356-3575 Nomadic peril, 359'36Q5
Mithradates IL, 361; Mithridates VI.,
of Pontus,'363-364; Parthia and Rome,
364-365 ; Parthia and China, 365-366 ;
Mithridates VI. and Rome, 367-368 ;
Pompey's career in the East, 368-372 ;
Crassus, 373-374; invasion of Parthia,
374-375 5 battle. of Carrhae, 376-379 ;
invasion of Syria, 379-380 ; civil war
between Caesar and Pompey, 381-382 5
Mark Antony, 382 et seq.; Parthian
campaign, 384-385 ; defeat and death
of Pacorus, 386-387 5 Antony's expedi-
tions, 387-391; government, religion, and
architecture of the Parthians, 392-401 ;
struggle for Armenia, 402 et seq. \ murder
of Phraates IV., 402-403 ; Artabanus
III., 404-405 ; Volagases I. and Nero,
406-409 ; decline and fell of Parthia, 410
et seq.; conquest of Mesopotamia and
Babylon, 411-413; Eastern campaigns
of Sevenis, 414-416 ; China and Persia,
417-418 5 cult of Mithras in Europe,
418-421; rise of Sasanian Dynasty, 422
et seq. $ coming of Ardeshir, 424-425 ;
battle of Hormuz, 425-426 ; career and
achievements of Ardeshir, 426 - 429;
Shapur In 430 et seq.; first campaign
against Rome, 431-432; second cam-
paign, 432 ; capture of Valerian, 432-
433 5 Odenathus of Palmyra, 434-435 5
Zenobia, 435 ; Manichaeans, 436-438 5
Hormisdas and Bahrain L, 438-4395
campaign of Cams, 439-440; campaigns
of Narses, 441-443 ; Shapur IL, the
Great, \\\ et seq.; first war with Rome,
445-447; persecution of Christians, 447-
448 5 second war with Rome, 449-451;